[Robert J. Sawyer] Science Fiction Writer
ROBERT J. SAWYER
Hugo and Nebula Winner


SFWRITER.COM > Novels > Frameshift > The Genetic Code

The Genetic Code

Robert J. Sawyer's Hugo Award-nominated novel Frameshift is about the Human Genome Project. This chart explaining the genetic code -- showing which nucleotide triplets specify which amino acids -- appears in the novel:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------- | Alanine | Arginine | Aspartic |Asparagine| Cysteine | Glutamic |Glutamine | | | | acid | | | acid | | |----------------------------------------------------------------------------| | GCA | AGA | GAC | AAC | TGC | GAA | CAA | | GCC | AGG | GAT | AAT | TGT | GAG | CAG | | GCG | CGA | | | | | | | GCT | CGC | | | | | | | | CGG | | | | | | | | CGT | | | | | | ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- | Glycine |Histidine |Isoleucine| Leucine | Lysine |Methionine| Phenyl- | | | | | | | (START) | alanine | |----------------------------------------------------------------------------| | GGA | CAC | ATA | CTA | AAA | ATG | TTC | | GGC | CAT | ATC | CTC | AAG | | TTT | | GGG | | ATT | CTG | | | | | GGT | | | CTT | | | | | | | | TTA | | | | | | | | TTG | | | | ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- | Proline | Serine |Thereonine|Tryptophan| Tyrosine | Valine | STOP | | | | | | | | | |----------------------------------------------------------------------------| | CCA | AGC | ACA | TGG | TAC | GTA | TAA | | CCC | AGT | ACC | | TAT | GTC | TAG | | CCG | TCA | ACG | | | GTG | TGA | | CCT | TCC | ACT | | | GTT | | | | TCG | | | | | | | | TCT | | | | | | -----------------------------------------------------------------------------


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